Often during the construction, operation of the task, it becomes necessary to insulate its walls. The reasons may be different – the technical characteristics of the wall material, wear, builders’ mistakes, etc.d.
The fur coat is worn outside – this is the rule. And the material of the “fur coat” is selected depending on the features of the building or the capabilities of the owner.
Warming can be carried out by plastering with special plasters. The plaster layer is applied to the cleaned surface. Possibility to work independently.
Expensive brick, stone masonry. It is necessary to build a foundation, the space between the wall and the masonry is filled with various wall insulation or bulk materials (expanded clay, sawdust, slag).
Hinged facade – creating a “pie”. It consists of several layers – a vapor barrier, insulation for walls, moisture insulation, finishing material (wood, metal, plastic, etc.d.). The structure rests on the walls of the building. Foundation construction is not required. Installation is carried out all year round.
Ventilated facade – the same “pie”, but with the obligatory air space between the insulation and the exterior. Such thermal insulation of the walls also does not create a strong load on the foundation and is mounted at any time of the year. Carrying out work requires accurate calculations, assessment of the degree of wear of the walls, etc.d.
Types of insulation for walls
All wall insulations have different characteristics of density, thermal conductivity. When warming, you can use their combinations.
liquid ceramic insulation. With all due respect to their manufacturers, they are not suitable for insulating private houses. High price and almost zero efficiency.
Expanded polystyrene (various foams) heaters. Waterproof, inexpensive, but fire hazard. When heated, phenol is released. Under the influence of heat and light of sunlight, they are destroyed. Such heaters are used for walls with mandatory protection by the material of the exterior finish.
glass wool. Produced from waste glass or ordinary sand. Lightweight, non-flammable, environmentally friendly, good sound and heat insulation properties. Minus – the mandatory use of skin protection during work (respirators, gloves). Settling down over time.
mineral wool. Raw materials – basalt or metallurgical slags. Specifications higher than glass wool. The most reliable, but also the most expensive wall insulation.
The choice of insulation method and material depends entirely on the characteristics of the building – the material of its walls, number of storeys, degree of wear. So are the possibilities of the owner.